Understanding the IoNT means recognizing the devices in use are distinctly different from your average IoT device.
For one thing, nanomachines will require their own new medium access control (MAC) protocols for pulse-based transmissions of nanonetworks because nanomachines transmit the information from the source to the destination using very short pulses, and there is no carrier signal for sensing. Since nanomachines are simple, these new protocols should not be complicated but will need scalability.
However, because data is growing every day, the Internet of Nano Things applications will encounter bandwidth constraints and need adequate channel capacity. This can be addressed by converting to unexploited bands of the electromagnetic spectrum, such as the terahertz band, which provides a great deal of bandwidth for very short ranges.
As with any communications infrastructure, security and privacy must be considered as well. Given that the Internet of Nano Things applications could be incorporated into daily life and business operations through smartphones, vehicles, household appliances, sensors, and critical infrastructure, control and monitoring will be necessary as nanomachines and processes are connected to the Internet. The data gathered and transferred could become a target for threat actors that could lead to data breaches, theft, and manipulation.
Given the threats to security and privacy, as well as the network protocols and architecture hurdles that must be overcome, businesses should seek out a partner that can help them navigate the many connectivity, MEC platform services and sensor needs to make their Internet of Nano Things applications a reality.
Learn more about how Verizon’s IoT products and services can support the Internet of Nano Things.